1864 – Sketch of actions near Kearneysville and Shepherdstown, Va.
Thursday, Aug’t 25th 1864
The Map Maker
The Shenandoah Valley was a crucial supply region for the Confederacy, particularly for Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. U. S. Army Gen. Ulysses S. Grant intended to interrupt that supply line and draw off the Confederate forces while the Union Army of the Potomac moved south toward Richmond.
Skirmishes broke out on August 25, 1864, between Confederate forces led by Gen. Jubal Early and Union cavalry trying to stop his advance on Shepherdstown. After defeating the Union cavalry divisions of Wesley Merritt and J. H. Wilson between Leetown and Kearneysville, Early’s cavalry then defeated the Union cavalry under Major Gen. George Custer at Shepherdstown.