1862 – Civil War Battle
View this map on the American Battlefield Trust website. The Trust also outlines the Battle of Shepherdstown and the action depicted on this map.
The Map Maker
Following the Sept. 17, 1862 Battle of Antietam, Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia withdrew across the Potomac River. On September 19, 1862, elements of Union’s Major Gen. FitzJohn Porter’s V Corps crossed the Potomac River at Boteler’s Ford and attacked the Confederate rearguard commanded by Brig. Gen. William Pendleton, capturing four guns.
Early the next day, Porter pushed elements of two divisions across the river to establish a bridgehead. Confederate Gen. A. P. Hill’s division counterattacked while many of the Federals were crossing the river, and nearly annihilated the 118th Pennsylvania (the “Corn Exchange” Regiment), inflicting 269 casualties out of 737 men. Porter pulled back to the Union side of the river. The two-day fight at Shepherdstown discouraged Gen. George McClellan from pursuing Lee’s retreating army and ended Lee’s Maryland Campaign.