1612 – Map of Virginia by John Smith
Captain John Smith created the first detailed map of the Chesapeake Bay and what is today Washington, D.C., Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware. Published in 1612, the map shows the shoreline, rivers, tributaries, bays and islands he visited on his journey.
Some notable features of the map include:
• The compass, which shows north to the right rather than at the top of the map. Smith drew the map from the perspective of a ship crossing the Atlantic.
• The native chief Powhatan, who is shown in his long house, in the upper left of the map.
• Small circles that show the location of more than 200 native towns.
• The sea monster to the right of the compass, common on early maps.